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How many refugees are there in the world?

A. 10-20 Million
B. 26-36 Million
C. 50-60 Million
D. 100-110 Million

Show Answer…
Correct Answer: B (26 Million)


According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), as of mid-2020, there were an estimated 26 million refugees in the world. These are individuals who have been forced to flee their countries due to conflict, violence, or persecution. However. As of the end of 2022, there are 108.4 million forcibly displaced people in the world, including 35.3 million refugees.

While according to UNHCR, at least 89.3 million people around the world have been forced to flee their homes. Among them are nearly 27.1 million refugees, around 41 percent of whom are under the age of 18. There are also millions of stateless people, who have been denied a nationality and lack access to basic rights such as education, health care, employment, and freedom of movement. At a time when more than 1 in every 74 people on Earth has been forced to flee, our work at UNHCR is more important than ever before.

Global Refugee Crisis

The Definition of a Refugee

A refugee is defined as an individual who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. They are typically unable to return home due to the fear of the persecution they escaped.

The top five countries of origin for refugees are:

  1. Syria (6.8 million)
  2. Venezuela (4.6 million)
  3. Afghanistan (2.7 million)
  4. South Sudan (2.2 million)
  5. Myanmar (1.2 million)

The top five countries hosting refugees are:

  1. Türkiye (3.6 million)
  2. The Islamic Republic of Iran (3.4 million)
  3. Colombia (2.5 million)
  4. Pakistan (2.2 million)
  5. Uganda (1.5 million)

The majority of refugees are children and young people. At the end of 2022, 43.3 million (40%) of forcibly displaced people were children below 18 years of age.

How Many Refugees Are There in the World?

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), there were an estimated 26 million refugees worldwide as of mid-2020. This figure, however, does not include the millions of internally displaced persons or those who are considered stateless.

Where Do Refugees Come From?

Refugees come from all over the world, with certain regions producing more refugees than others. As of my training data cut-off in 2021, Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan, and Myanmar were among the countries with the largest refugee populations.

Where Do Refugees Go?

While refugees can be found all over the world, the majority of them reside in developing countries. Countries such as Turkey, Colombia, Pakistan, Uganda, and Germany host large numbers of refugees.

How Can We Help Refugees?

There are numerous ways to help refugees. Donating to reputable organizations that provide direct support to refugees, advocating for policies that protect and support refugees, and educating others about the refugee crisis are all effective ways to make a difference.


The global refugee crisis is a complex and ongoing issue. Understanding the scale of the problem, where refugees come from, and where they go, is a critical first step in addressing this humanitarian crisis.

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