OLD NAMES AND NEW NAMES OF
COUNTRIES AND CITIES
|New Name||Old Name|
|Ankara (Capital of Turkey)||Angora|
|Athens (Capital of Greece)||Athinai|
|Beijing (Capital of China)||Peking|
|Bengaluru (Capital of Karnataka, India)||Bengalore|
|Bin Qasim (Sindh, Pakistan)||Pipri /Pepri|
|Botswana (Country in Southern Africa)||Bechuanaland|
|Burkina Faso (Country in West Africa)||Upper Volta|
|Chennai (City in Tamil Nadu, India)||Madras|
|Congo River (in Africa)||Zaire River|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Republic of Zaire|
|Democratic Republic of Madagascar||Malagasy Republic|
|Dhaka (Capital of Bangladesh)||Dacca|
|Greater Iqbal Park (Lahore)||Minto Park|
|Guyana (Country in South America)||British Guiana|
|Hawaiian Islands (U.S state in Central Pacific)||Sandwich Islands|
|Harare (Capital of Zimbabwe)||Salisbury|
|Hazara (Division in KPK, Pakistan)||Hozar|
|Ho Chi Minh City (City in Vietnam)||Saigon|
|Hyderabad (City in Sindh, Pakistan)||Nerunkot / Nayaran kot|
|Indonesia||Dutch East Indies|
|Islamabad (Capital of Pakistan)||Raj Shahi|
|Istanbul (City in Turkey)||Constantinople|
|Jacobabad (City in Sindh, Pakistan)||Khangarh|
|Jakarta (Capital of Indonesia)||Batavia|
|Japan*||Nippon + Nihon|
|Karachi||Kalachi / Kalanchi|
|Karnataka (Indian State)||Mysore State|
|Kinshasa (Capital of Democratic Congo)||Leopoldville|
|Kolkata (City in West Bengal, India)||Calcutta|
|Muslim Bagh||Hindu Bagh|
|New York City||New Amsterdam|
|Libya||Tripolitania and Cyrenaica / Tripolitania and Barca|
|Timor-Leste / Timir Lorosae||East Timor|
|Malawi (Country in Southeastern Africa)||Nyasaland|
|Mumbai (City in Maharashtra, India)||Bombay|
|Mysuru (City in Karnataka State, India)||Mysore|
|Odisha (Indian State)||Orissa|
|Oslo (Capital of Norway)||Christiania|
|Pune (City in Maharashtra, India)||Poona|
|Saint Petersburg (City in Russia)**||Petrograd / Leningrad|
|Sialkot||Salkot / Salwan kot|
|Tanzania||Tanganyika and Zanzibar|
|Tokyo (Capital of Japan)||Edo|
|Vienna (Capital of Austria)||Wien|
|Volgograd (City in Russia)||Stalingrad|
|Yangon (Largest city in Myanmar)||Rangoon|
|Zhob (City in Balochistan, Pakistan)||Appozai / Fort Sanemars|
* Ghana was the first independent country in Africa.The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. The Empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire after the title of its emperor, the Ghana.
On 6 March 1957, the former British colony of Gold Coast became an independent state of Ghana.
* The name Zimbabwe was officially adopted concurrently with Britain’s grant of independence in April 1980. Prior to that point, the country had been called
- Southern Rhodesia from 1898 to 1964 (or 1980, according to British law),
- Rhodesia from 1964 to 1979,
- Zimbabwe Rhodesia between June and December 1979.
* Both Nippon and Nihon mean ‘the Sun’s origin’ are often translated as Land of Rising Sun.
** The name of the country in the indigenous Greenlandic language is Kalaallit Nunaat (“land of the Kalaallit”). The Kalaallit are the indigenous Greenlandic Inuit people who inhabit the country’s western region
*** Manchuria can either refer to a region that falls entirely within the People’s Republic of China or a larger region divided between China and Russia. Former Manchukuo was a puppet state of the Empire of Japan in Northeast China and Inner Mongolia from 1932 until 1945. It was founded as a republic, but in 1934 it became a constitutional monarchy. It had limited international recognition and was de facto under the control of Japan.
** Between 1713 and 1728 and in 1732–1918, Saint Petersburg was the capital of Imperial Russia. In 1918, the central government bodies moved to Moscow.
- On 1 September 1914, the name was changed from Saint Petersburg to Petrograd,
- On 26 January 1924 name was changed to Leningrad.
- On 1 October 1991 back to Saint Petersburg.
** Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century, the island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was united under British rule by 1815. It became independent as Dominion of Ceylon on 4 February,1948; Dominion status within the British Commonwealth was retained for the next 24 years until May 22, 1972 and was changed to Republic of Sri Lanka.