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Which country hosts the largest number of refugees as of the end of 2022?

A. Syrian
B. Ukraine
C. Afghanistan
D. Türkiye

Show Answer...
Correct Answer: D (Türkiye)


According to the data provided by UNHCR, Türkiye hosts the largest number of refugees with 3.6 million people. This makes Türkiye the country with the largest refugee population. The Islamic Republic of Iran is the second-largest host with 3.4 million people, followed by Colombia with 2.5 million people, Germany with 2.1 million people, and Pakistan with 1.7 million people.

The top five countries hosting refugees are:

  1. Türkiye (3.6 million)
  2. Iran (3.4 million)
  3. Colombia (2.5 million)
  4. Germany (2.1 million)
  5. Pakistan (1.7 million)

The top five countries of origin for refugees are:

  1. Syria (6.8 million)
  2. Venezuela (4.6 million)
  3. Afghanistan (2.7 million)
  4. South Sudan (2.2 million)
  5. Myanmar (1.2 million)

The majority of refugees are children and young people. At the end of 2022, 43.3 million (40%) of forcibly displaced people were children below 18 years of age.

Which Country Has the Largest Refugee Population?

The global refugee crisis continues to impact millions of lives around the world. Many countries have opened their doors to provide a safe haven for those fleeing conflict, persecution, or other dire circumstances. Among these countries, one stands out as the host to the largest refugee population. In this article, we explore the country that has shouldered this significant responsibility and examine the numbers behind this humanitarian challenge.

Türkiye: The Epicenter of the Global Refugee Crisis

In the face of global upheaval, the refugee crisis continues to be a pressing issue. With a staggering 108.4 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2022, the need for international protection is at an all-time high​1​. A deeper look into the data reveals a dynamic story of human resilience and international responsibility.

Türkiye, a nation straddling Eastern Europe and Western Asia, has emerged as a beacon for refugees, hosting the largest number of displaced persons worldwide. As per the data from UNHCR, Türkiye is currently home to approximately 3.6 million refugees, a testament to its commitment to providing asylum and protection to those in need​1​.

Remarkably, the majority of the world’s refugees originate from just three countries: the Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, and Afghanistan, each with 6.8 million, 5.7 million, and 5.7 million displaced individuals, respectively​1​. A testament to the geopolitical tensions within these regions, this statistic illustrates the urgent need for resolution and support.

Furthermore, the data reveals that a staggering 43.3 million of the displaced individuals are children under the age of 18, accounting for 40% of the total refugee population​1​. An alarming figure, indeed, it underscores the harsh reality that millions of children are born into a life of displacement, with 1.9 million children born as refugees between 2018 and 2022​1​.

It’s not just high-income countries shouldering the responsibility. Approximately 76% of the world’s refugees and other people in need of international protection are hosted in low- and middle-income countries, demonstrating the significant role these nations play in providing asylum​1​. Moreover, 70% of refugees live in countries neighbouring their countries of origin, indicating the propensity for displaced individuals to stay within their geographical region if possible​1​.

Despite the daunting figures, there’s a glimmer of hope. In 2022, some 453,600 refugees were able to return to their countries of origin or were resettled, offering a ray of hope amidst the crisis​1​. However, the plight of the 4.4 million stateless people, who are neither considered nationals by any state nor qualify as refugees, continues to be an urgent concern​1​.

In conclusion, while Türkiye stands as the country hosting the largest refugee population, the overall landscape of the refugee crisis demands collective global action. The need for effective strategies to assist displaced populations, from repatriation to resettlement, is evident. It’s essential that we continue to shed light on these issues and work together to create sustainable solutions for the millions affected by displacement worldwide.

Türkiye: The Largest Host Country:

According to the UNHCR’s refugee population statistics, Türkiye is the country that hosts the largest number of refugees. With a staggering 3.6 million people seeking refuge within its borders, Türkiye has taken on an immense burden in providing shelter, protection, and assistance to those in need. This reflects Türkiye’s commitment to humanitarian values and its role in addressing the global refugee crisis.

The Islamic Republic of Iran, Colombia, Germany, and Pakistan:

Following Türkiye, the Islamic Republic of Iran stands as the second-largest host country for refugees, with 3.4 million people finding safety within its borders. Colombia takes the third spot with a significant refugee population of 2.5 million people. Germany and Pakistan also play crucial roles in providing refuge, with 2.1 million and 1.7 million refugees respectively.

The Global Refugee Crisis:

The statistics on refugees highlight the magnitude of the global refugee crisis. At the end of 2022, the total number of forcibly displaced people reached 108.4 million, with an estimated 43.3 million (40 per cent) being children under the age of 18. These figures underscore the urgent need for international cooperation, support, and solutions to address the plight of refugees worldwide.

Challenges and Solidarity:

The hosting of such large refugee populations presents numerous challenges for countries, including providing essential services, ensuring social integration, and managing limited resources. However, it is crucial to recognize the contributions and resilience of the host nations. Türkiye’s substantial refugee population demonstrates the country’s dedication to assisting those in need and promoting global solidarity.

The Way Forward:

To address the complex issues surrounding refugees, it is imperative for the international community to work together. This includes providing humanitarian aid, supporting peace-building efforts, and promoting sustainable solutions to displacement. By sharing responsibilities and fostering cooperation, nations can alleviate the burdens faced by host countries and empower refugees to rebuild their lives.


Türkiye, with its impressive hosting of 3.6 million refugees, holds the distinction of having the largest refugee population in the world. However, the global refugee crisis demands collective action and international support to alleviate the suffering of millions. By working together, nations can strive towards a more compassionate and inclusive world, where individuals forced to flee their homes to find solace, protection, and the opportunity to rebuild their lives.

Reference: UNHCR Refugee Statistics

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